Taking the long view, the history
of the 314th Infantry Regiment extends back almost
100 years. This proud regiment of citizen soldiers
has answered the nations' call from the First World
War, the Second World War and continuing through today
where components of the 314th Infantry Regiment have
seen service in Iraq.
In 1917, as part of the 79th Infantry
Division, the 314th helped liberate Europe from the
yoke of Kaiser Wilhelm’s Imperial Germany. During
World War I causalities for the 79th for its one year
of combat in France totaled 6,752 brave Americans
killed. In 1919 at the end of what was popularly referred
to at the time as the “War to end all Wars,”
the 314th Infantry Regiment was demobilized and the
veteran doughboys of the horrors of trench warfare
returned home to their civilian occupations in America.
Built sometime in the 1920s, this
World War One Memorial, located in Central
the history of each unit etched in granite.
This doughboy is smiling, apparently happy and
...while this doughboy has on his war face!
World War One
79th Division Patch
A proud Doughboy with his German prize!
1917-1918, somewhere in France
Soon after the roaring twenties
and the great depression of the 1930’s, Adolf
Hitler’s Nazi Germany and Emperor Hirohito’s
Imperial Japan ignited the Second World War. Bent
on world domination, these two dictatorships came
very close to succeeding. Nazi Germany’s war
was unlike any the world had ever known. Combining
cutting edge 20th Century technology with a deliberate
policy of genocide the Nazi regime industrialized
mass murder and in the process killed millions of
Once again the 314th Infantry Regiment
was reactivated in World War II as part of the 79th
Infantry Division. The 314th was again called upon
to liberate Europe and again the cost to our nation
in lives lost was huge. Just a month after D-Day during
the Normandy campaign, the 314th Infantry Regiment
and its parent 79th Infantry Division helped capture
the French port of Cherbourg. Cherbourg was pivotal
to the success of the D-Day invasion. Without the
use of a large port, the allies would be unable to
sustain the initial invasion force which would have
meant failure in liberating Western Europe. One book
on Normandy by respected English historian Max Hastings
commented that in just the combat operations culminating
with the capture of Cherbourg, the 79th Infantry Division’s
combat losses of over 2,000 killed, wounded and captured
were not due to any deficit in leadership but simply
to the high cost paid for bitter resistance put up
by the well entrenched Nazi Army.
As part of General George S. Patton’s
3rd Army, the 314th Infantry Regiment was the first
across the Seine River and helped liberate France.
Later in the winter of 1944 when the Germans launched
their massive counter offensive now known as the Battle
of the Bulge, the now veteran 314th had to retake
its own positions after other “green”
US army units which had rotated in succumbed to the
massive German onslaught.
At the end of World War II the United
States had one of the largest armies in history. However,
at wars end millions of soldiers of America’s
greatest generation put down their arms and returned
to civilian life. And once again, the 314th Infantry
Regiment was deactivated in 1945 as its citizen soldier
G.I.s returned to diverse occupations and in so doing
helped catapult a victorious America to become the
world’s leading super power.
World War Two
79th Division Patch
Monument to 79th Infantry Division, World War
Located In La Haye du Puits, France
More World War II
Unlike the majority of the United
States Army’s Regiments of World War II, the
314th Infantry Regiment was reactivated in 1947 and
has continued to exist as part of today’s United
States Army. In 2009 the 1st Battalion of the 314th
Regiment, Infantry, and the 3rd Infantry Battalion
of the 314th Regiment, Field Artillery are part of
the 174th Infantry Brigade based in Fort Drum, NY.
The mission of the 1st of the 314th and the 3rd of
the 314th include providing a full spectrum of training,
readiness and mobilization operations to the 1st Army.
Components of the 314th have served in Iraq in support
of what the US Army refers to as “theater strategic
Soldiers of the 79th Division moving through
France during the division's advance toward
Under the watchful eye of a Sherman tank, GI's
of the 314th dig in near the Meurth River, France.
September 22, 1944
Two young GI's of the 314th IR tensely scan
foliage on the banks of the Meurth River, France.
After taking a direct hit from this M-4 Sherman
billow from a building which housed German snipers.
They were firing on advancing soldiers of the
France, September, 1944
On the bleak winter morning of 6 January, 1945,
these two GI's of the 314th IR took cover
from incoming German artillery under an M-4
Recon Troop, 314th IR, December, 1944 Winter
Pictured to the left is Valentin Gill.
Note the bullet hole on the left-hand side of
When asked about it by his son, Gill replied
with spartan brevity:
"They shot at us... We shot back."
Infantrymen of Companies K and M, 3d Battallion,
314th IR dig in to protect
the unit's right flank. Near Overbruke, Germany,
NOTE: Can anyone identify or remember any K
or M Company veterans of the 3d BN?
If so, contact
Normany Campaign, Summer of 1944.
Major General Ira T. Wyche of the 79th Division
Four star General Dwight D. Eisenhower in the
For a detailed account of the 314th
Infantry Regiment, please visit
314th Infantry Regiment - 79th Division, US Army,
World War Two